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5 Interactions found for:

Lamictal and Vitamin D3
Interactions Summary
  • 1 Major
  • 1 Moderate
  • 3 Minor
  • Lamictal
  • Vitamin D3

Drug Interactions

No drug interactions were found for selected drugs: Lamictal, Vitamin D3

This does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult your healthcare provider.

Drug and Food Interactions

Moderate
Lamictal + Food

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of lamoTRIgine such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with lamoTRIgine. Do not use more than the recommended dose of lamoTRIgine, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

Drug and Pregnancy Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Professional Content

Benefit should outweigh risk

AU TGA pregnancy category: D
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned

Risk Summary: Several prospective pregnancy exposure registries and epidemiological studies have not detected an increased frequency of major congenital malformations or a consistent pattern of malformations among women exposed to lamotrigine compared with the general population; animal studies have shown developmental toxicities at doses administered clinically.

Comments:
-Women with epilepsy who are planning to become pregnant should receive pre-pregnancy counseling; folate supplementation should be considered before conception and for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
-Abrupt discontinuation of anti-epileptic therapy during pregnancy is not advised as this may lead to breakthrough seizures in mother and fetus.
-Physiologic changes during pregnancy may affect drug concentrations and/or therapeutic effect; dose adjustments may be necessary to maintain clinical response.
-Women should be advised to notify their healthcare provider if they plan to start or stop oral contraceptive use or other female hormonal preparations as this may significantly affect lamotrigine drug concentrations.
-A pregnancy registry is available to provide information on the effects of in utero exposure; pregnant patients should be encouraged to enroll: North American AED Pregnancy Registry: US toll free number: 1-888-233-2334; Website: http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/

Animal studies have shown developmental toxicity at doses estimated to be lower than those used clinically. Pregnant rats administered 3 doses (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg) during the latter part of gestation had increased offspring mortality (including stillbirths) at all doses. The lowest effect dose for peri/postnatal developmental toxicity was less than the human dose of 400 mg/day on mg/m2 basis. Maternal toxicity was observed at the 2 highest doses. Studies in rats have shown a decrease in folic acid during pregnancy, and since this drug is a weak inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, there is a theoretical risk of malformation due to folate deficiency. Anti-epileptic drugs should generally be continued during pregnancy with the goal of monotherapy at the lowest effective dose, however, the risk to the mother and fetus of uncontrolled epilepsy should be considered when deciding on treatment options. Data from several international pregnancy registries have not shown an increased risk for malformations overall. The frequency of major congenital malformations was similar to estimates from the general population. The North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy (NAAED) Registry has reported an increased risk of isolated oral clefts, although this finding has not been observed in other large international pregnancy registries. Several meta-analyses have not reported an increased risk of major congenital malformations following lamotrigine exposure in pregnancy compared with healthy and disease-matched controls. No patterns of specific malformation types were observed. As with other antiepileptic drugs, decreased lamotrigine concentrations have been reported during pregnancy with a return to pre-pregnancy concentrations after delivery. Appropriate clinical management should include monitoring drug concentrations and adjusting doses as indicated. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.

AU TGA pregnancy category D: Drugs which have caused, are suspected to have caused or may be expected to cause, an increased incidence of human fetal malformations or irreversible damage. These drugs may also have adverse pharmacological effects. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are being phased out.

References

  1. "Product Information. Lamictal (lamotrigine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  3. Pharmaceutical Society of Australia "APPGuide online. Australian prescription products guide online. Available from: URL: http://www.appco.com.au/appguide/default.asp." ([2006]):
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. "Product Information. LaMICtal XR (lamoTRIgine)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.

The following applies to the ingredients: Cholecalciferol (found in Vitamin D3)

Professional Content

Use is not recommended unless there is a deficiency.

AU TGA pregnancy category: Exempt
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned

Comments:
-Vitamin D supplementation should begin a few months prior to pregnancy.

Animal studies at high doses have shown teratogenicity. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy. Because vitamin D raises calcium levels, it is suspect in the pathogenesis of supravalvular aortic stenosis syndrome, which is often associated with idiopathic hypercalcemia of infancy, but excessive vitamin D intake or retention has not been found consistently in these mothers. A study of 15 patients with maternal hypoparathyroidism, treated with high dose vitamin D during pregnancy (average 107,000 international units per day) to maintain normal calcium levels, produced all normal children. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with reduced fetal growth, neonatal hypocalcemia (with and without convulsions), rickets, and defective tooth enamel.

AU TGA pregnancy category Exempt: Medicines exempted from pregnancy classification are not absolutely safe for use in pregnancy in all circumstances. Some exempted medicines, for example the complementary medicine, St John's Wort, may interact with other medicines and induce unexpected adverse effects in the mother and/or fetus.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decision and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D and X are being phased out.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  3. TGA. Therapeutic Goods Administration. Australian Drug Evaluation Committee "Prescribing medicines in pregnancy: an Australian categorisation of risk of drug use in pregnancy. Available from: URL: http://www.tga.gov.au/docs/html/medpreg.htm." ([1999]):
  4. Briggs GG, Freeman RK. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed." Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health (2015):

Drug and Breastfeeding Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Cholecalciferol (found in Vitamin D3)

Professional Content

Use is not recommended unless the clinical condition of the woman requires treatment.

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-Make allowance for any maternal dose if prescribing this product to a breast fed infant.
-Consider monitoring the infant's serum calcium if the mother is receiving pharmacologic doses of vitamin D.
-Vitamin D supplementation is recommended in exclusively breast fed infants.

The required dose of vitamin D during lactation has not been adequately studied; doses similar to those for pregnant women have been suggested.

Chronic ingestion of large doses of vitamin D by the mother may lead to hypercalcemia in the breastfed infant.

References

  1. IOM (Institute of Medicine). "Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D." Washington, DC: The National Academies Press (2011):
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  4. Briggs GG, Freeman RK. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed." Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health (2015):

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Professional Content

Benefit should outweigh risk

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-Adverse reactions have occasionally been reported in breastfed babies, but long-term exposure does not appear to affect infant growth and development.
-Breastfed infants should be carefully monitored for side effects; serum levels may be measured to rule out toxicity.
-If infant rash occurs, breastfeeding should be discontinued until cause can be established.

Drug concentrations in human milk may be as high as 50% of the maternal serum levels. Neonates are at risk for high plasma levels due to plasma protein binding being relatively low and decreased ability to clear drug (immaturity of glucuronidation capacity). Additionally, similar to other antiepileptic drugs, the maternal dose should generally be reduced after delivery to the pre-pregnancy dosage, and failure to reduce dose may lead to higher milk concentrations. Apnea, rash, drowsiness, and poor sucking have been reported in breastfed infants. If an adverse event occurs, a serum level can be measured to rule out toxicity. Consider monitoring platelet counts and liver function. Breastfeeding should be discontinued in infants with lamotrigine toxicity

References

  1. Pharmaceutical Society of Australia "APPGuide online. Australian prescription products guide online. Available from: URL: http://www.appco.com.au/appguide/default.asp." ([2006]):
  2. "Product Information. LaMICtal XR (lamoTRIgine)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. "Product Information. Lamictal (lamotrigine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):

Therapeutic Duplication Warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Switch to: Professional Interactions

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

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