(See also Drug Use and Abuse.)
GHB produces feelings of relaxation and tranquility. It may also cause fatigue and feelings of being uninhibited.
At higher doses, GHB may cause
- Loss of coordination
At high doses, GHB can also slow breathing and cause seizures and coma, sometimes leading to death. Combining GHB and any other sedatives, especially alcohol, is extremely dangerous. Most deaths have occurred when GHB was taken with alcohol.
Withdrawal symptoms occur if GHB is not taken for several days after previous frequent use. Withdrawal can be life threatening.
- A doctor's evaluation
Diagnosis is based on symptoms in people known to have used GHB. No readily available tests can confirm the use of GHB.
- Treatment for symptoms
Treatment complications from GHB use is directed at symptoms. A ventilator may be needed if breathing is affected. Most people recover rapidly.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)