Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.
Cystografin: 30% (100 mL, 300 mL)
Cystografin-Dilute: 18% (300 mL)
Mechanism of Action
Radiopaque contrast agent.
Use: Labeled Indications
Retrograde cystourethrography: Diagnostic agent for retrograde cystourethrography
Hypersensitivity to diatrizoate meglumine, salts of diatrizoic acid, or any component of the formulation
Dosage and Administration
Note: A low residue diet the day prior to procedure and a laxative the night before are recommended. A scout film is recommended prior to contrast administration.
Retrograde cystourethrography: Bladder instillation: 25 to 300 mL; dose depends on the patient’s age and the degree of bladder irritability; may use >300 mL if bladder capacity allows. Results are best when bladder is filled with contrast agent.
Refer to adult dosing.
Diatrizoate meglumine 18% (Cystografin-Dilute): This is a ready-to-use product.
Diatrizoate meglumine 30%: Use undiluted or may dilute by adding sterile water or sterile saline to the bottle prior to instillation as follows:
100 mL bottle: Add 25 mL, 50 mL, or 67 mL (sterile water or sterile saline) for a total volume of 125 mL, 150 mL, or 167 mL, respectively.
300 mL bottle: Add 50 mL (sterile water or sterile saline) for a total volume of 350 mL.
For bladder instillation only. Not for intravascular or IV use. After sterile catheterization, fill bladder to capacity using a sterile bladder administration set. Avoid using excessive pressure, rapid or acute bladder distention, and trauma. Bladder discomfort or reflux/spontaneous voiding generally indicate a full bladder.
Some products contain sodium.
Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Protect from light. If diluting diatrizoate meglumine 30% with sterile water or sterile saline prior to administration, use immediately after dilution.
Aldesleukin: May enhance the potential for allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to Iodinated Contrast Agents. Monitor therapy
Urine specimen assay: Contrast agent instillation into the bladder may interfere with urine specimen assay; collect urine prior to or at least 2 days after contrast administration.
Frequency not defined.
Endocrine & metabolic: Altered thyroid hormone levels (transient suppression), hypothyroidism
Hypersensitivity: Anaphylactoid reactions (risk if intravasation of drug occurs), hypersensitivity reaction (risk if intravasation of drug occurs; reactions reported include facial edema, glottis edema, respiratory distress, convulsions, shock)
<1%, postmarketing, and/or case reports: Thyroid dysfunction (underactive; premature infants and infants with underlying medical conditions are more vulnerable; FDA Safety Alert, 2015)
Concerns related to adverse effects:
- Allergic reactions: Severe sensitivity reactions may occur; reactions are more likely to occur in patients with a history (personal or family) of bronchial asthma, significant allergies, or prior reaction to contrast agents. A history of sensitivity to iodine or to other contrast agents is not an absolute contraindication, although extreme caution should be exercised.
- Hypothyroidism: Thyroid function tests indicative of hypothyroidism or transient thyroid suppression have been reported (uncommon) in adult and pediatric patients (including infants); some patients were treated for hypothyroidism.
- Urinary infection: Use with caution in patients with known active urinary tract infection.
- Appropriate use: Intended for bladder instillation only; not for intravascular or IV administration. Safe and effective use depends on proper dosage, correct technique, adequate precautions, and preparation for potential emergencies. Use sterile technique for administration. Avoid excessive pressure, rapid or acute bladder distention, and trauma.
Monitor for signs/symptoms of hypersensitivity.
Diatrizoate crosses the placenta (Dean 1977).
Iodinated contrast media agents may cross the placenta. Due to theoretical concerns that exposure to free iodide may adversely affect the fetus, use should be avoided unless absolutely required to obtain diagnostic information that will influence the care of the mother or fetus during pregnancy (ACOG 723 2017; ACR 2018).
- Discuss specific use of drug and side effects with patient as it relates to treatment. (HCAHPS: During this hospital stay, were you given any medicine that you had not taken before? Before giving you any new medicine, how often did hospital staff tell you what the medicine was for? How often did hospital staff describe possible side effects in a way you could understand?)
- Have patient report immediately to prescriber seizures, blood in the urine, bladder irritation, change in amount of urine passed, or unable to pass urine (HCAHPS).
- Educate patient about signs of a significant reaction (eg, wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat). Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Patient should consult prescriber for additional questions.
Intended Use and Disclaimer: Should not be printed and given to patients. This information is intended to serve as a concise initial reference for health care professionals to use when discussing medications with a patient. You must ultimately rely on your own discretion, experience, and judgment in diagnosing, treating, and advising patients.