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Xeomin

Generic name: incobotulinumtoxinA

What is Xeomin?

Xeomin is a prescription medicine used in adults:

  • that is injected into glands that make saliva and is used to treat long-lasting (chronic) drooling (sialorrhea).
  • that is injected into muscles and used to:
    • treat increased muscle stiffness in the arm because of upper limb spasticity.
    • treat the abnormal head position and neck pain with cervical dystonia (CD).
    • treat abnormal spasm of the eyelids (blepharospasm).
    • improve the look of moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines) for a short period of time (temporary).

It is not known if Xeomin is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.

What is the most important information I should know about Xeomin?

Xeomin may cause serious side effects that can be life-threatening. Call your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of these problems after treatment with Xeomin:

  • Problems with swallowing, speaking, or breathing. These problems can happen hours to weeks after an injection of Xeomin if the muscles that you use to breathe and swallow become weak after the injection. Death can happen as a complication if you have severe problems with swallowing or breathing after treatment with Xeomin.
    • People with certain breathing problems may need to use muscles in their neck to help them breathe. These people may be at greater risk for serious breathing problems with Xeomin.
    • Swallowing problems may last for several months. People who cannot swallow well may need a feeding tube to receive food and water. If swallowing problems are severe, food or liquids may go into your lungs. People who already have swallowing or breathing problems before receiving Xeomin have the highest risk of getting these problems.
  • Spread of toxin effects. In some cases, the effect of botulinum toxin may affect areas of the body away from the injection site and cause symptoms of a serious condition called botulism. The symptoms of botulism include:
    • loss of strength and muscle weakness all over the body
    • double vision
    • blurred vision and drooping eyelids
    • hoarseness or change or loss of voice
    • trouble saying words clearly
    • loss of bladder control
    • trouble breathing
    • trouble swallowing

These symptoms can happen hours to weeks after you receive an injection of Xeomin
These problems could make it unsafe for you to drive a car or do other dangerous activities. See “What should I avoid while receiving Xeomin?"

Who should not take Xeomin?

Do not take Xeomin if you:

  • are allergic to Xeomin or any of the ingredients in Xeomin. See the end of this Medication Guide for a list of ingredients in Xeomin.
  • had an allergic reaction to any other botulinum toxin products such as rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc), onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox, Botox Cosmetic), or abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport).
  • have a skin infection at the planned injection site.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking Xeomin?

Before receiving Xeomin, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have a disease that affects your muscles and nerves (such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease], myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton syndrome). See “What is the most important information I should know about Xeomin?"
  • have had any side effect from any other botulinum toxin in the past.
  • have a breathing problem, such as asthma or emphysema.
  • have a history of swallowing problems or inhaling food or fluid into your lungs (aspiration).
  • have bleeding problems.
  • have drooping eyelids.
  • plan to have surgery.
  • have had surgery on your face.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Xeomin can harm your unborn baby.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Xeomin passes into your breast milk.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Talk to your doctor before you take any new medicines after you receive Xeomin.

Using Xeomin with certain other medicines may cause serious side effects. Do not start any new medicines until you have told your doctor that you have received Xeomin in the past. Especially tell your doctor if you:

  • have received any other botulinum toxin product in the last four months.
  • have received injections of botulinum toxin such as rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc), onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox, Botox Cosmetic) or abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport) in the past. Be sure your doctor knows exactly which product you received. The dose of Xeomin may be different from other botulinum toxin products that you have received.
  • have recently received an antibiotic by injection or inhalation.
  • take muscle relaxants.
  • take an allergy or cold medicine.
  • take a sleep medicine.

Ask your doctor if you are not sure if you take any of the medicines listed above.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines with you to show your doctor and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.

How should I take Xeomin?

  • Xeomin is a shot (injection) that your doctor will give you.
  • Xeomin is injected into your affected muscles or glands.
  • Your doctor may change your dose of Xeomin during treatment.

What should I avoid while taking Xeomin?

Xeomin may cause loss of strength or general muscle weakness, blurred vision, or drooping eyelids within hours to weeks of taking Xeomin. If this happens, do not drive a car, operate machinery, or do other dangerous activities. See "What is the most important information I should know about Xeomin?"

What are the possible side effects of Xeomin?

Xeomin may cause serious side effects, including:

  • See "What is the most important information I should know about Xeomin?
  • Injury to the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) in people treated for blepharospasm. People who receive Xeomin to treat spasm of the eyelid may have reduced blinking that can cause a sore on their cornea or other problems of the cornea. Call your healthcare provider or get medical care right away if you have eye pain or irritation after treatment with Xeomin.
  • Xeomin may cause other serious side effects including allergic reactions. Symptoms of an allergic reaction to Xeomin may include: itching, rash, redness, swelling, wheezing, trouble breathing, or dizziness or feeling faint. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you get wheezing or trouble breathing, or if you get dizzy or faint.

The most common side effects of Xeomin in people with chronic sialorrhea include:

  • needing to have a tooth pulled (extracted)
  • dry mouth
  • diarrhea
  • high blood pressure

The most common side effects of Xeomin in people with upper limb spasticity include:

  • seizure
  • nasal congestion, sore throat and runny nose
  • dry mouth
  • upper respiratory infection

The most common side effects of Xeomin in people with cervical dystonia include:

  • difficulty swallowing
  • neck pain
  • muscle weakness
  • pain at the injection site
  • muscle and bone pain

The most common side effects of Xeomin in people with blepharospasm include:

  • drooping of the eyelid
  • dry eye
  • vision problems
  • dry mouth

The most common side effect of Xeomin in people with glabellar lines include:

  • headache

These are not all the possible side effects of Xeomin.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

General information about the safe and effective use of Xeomin

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about Xeomin that is written for health professionals.

How should I store Xeomin?

  • Unopened vials of Xeomin should be stored at or below 25°C (77°F). Refrigeration of unopened vials is not required.
  • Do not use after the expiration date on the vial.
  • Reconstituted Xeomin may be stored in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) for up to 24 hours until time of use
  • Keep out of reach of children

What are the ingredients in Xeomin?

Active ingredient: botulinum toxin type A

Inactive ingredients: human albumin and sucrose

Source: National Library of Medicine. Last updated May 9, 2019.