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3 Interactions found for:

amlodipine
Interactions Summary
  • 2 Major
  • 0 Moderate
  • 1 Minor
  • amlodipine

Drug Interactions

A total of 423 medications are known to interact with amlodipine.
Please add another medication to view potential interactions with this medication.

Common Interactions Checks

Drug and Food Interactions

Minor
Amlodipine + Food

The following applies to the ingredients: Amlodipine

Professional Content

The consumption of grapefruit juice may slightly increase plasma concentrations of amlodipine. The mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits. Data have been conflicting and the clinical significance is unknown. Monitoring for calcium channel blocker adverse effects (e.g., headache, hypotension, syncope, tachycardia, edema) is recommended.

References

  1. Kane GC, Lipsky JJ "Drug-grapefruit juice interactions." Mayo Clin Proc 75 (2000): 933-42
  2. Josefsson M, Zackrisson AL, Ahlner J "Effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine in healthy volunteers." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 51 (1996): 189-93
  3. Bailey DG, Malcolm J, Arnold O, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice-drug interactions." Br J Clin Pharmacol 46 (1998): 101-10
  4. Vincent J, Harris SI, Foulds G, Dogolo LC, Willavize S, Friedman HL "Lack of effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of amlodipine." Br J Clin Pharmacol 50 (2000): 455-63
  5. Bailey DG, Arnold JMO, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice and drugs - how significant is the interaction." Clin Pharmacokinet 26 (1994): 91-8
  6. Josefsson M, Ahlner J "Amlodipine and grapefruit juice." Br J Clin Pharmacol 53 (2002): 405; discussion 406

Drug and Pregnancy Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Amlodipine

Professional Content

This drug should be used during pregnancy only if the benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus (AU, US)
Use is contraindicated (UK)

AU TGA pregnancy category: C
US FDA pregnancy category: C

Comments:
-Use of adequate methods of contraception should be encouraged.
-If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential harm to the fetus.

Animal studies have shown significantly decreased litter size, increased intrauterine deaths and prolongation of gestation and duration of labor when this drug was given before mating, throughout mating, and during gestation. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy.

Reversible biochemical changes in the head of spermatozoa occurred in some patients treated with calcium channel blockers. There are no controlled data for this drug, but animal models have shown adverse effects on male fertility.

AU TGA pregnancy category C: Drugs which, owing to their pharmacological effects, have caused or may be suspected of causing, harmful effects on the human fetus or neonate without causing malformations. These effects may be reversible. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details.

US FDA pregnancy category C: Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  2. "Product Information. Norvasc (amlodipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

Drug and Breastfeeding Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Amlodipine

Professional Content

Use is not recommended and a decision should be made to discontinue breastfeeding or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother (AU, US)
Use is contraindicated (UK)

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-The effects in the nursing infant are unknown.
-Infants exposed to this drug should be closely monitored.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  2. "Product Information. Norvasc (amlodipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  3. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

Therapeutic Duplication Warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Switch to: Professional Interactions

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

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