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7 Interactions found for:

Lamictal and gabapentin
Interactions Summary
  • 3 Major
  • 2 Moderate
  • 2 Minor
  • Lamictal
  • gabapentin

Drug Interactions

Minor
Gabapentin + Lamictal

The following applies to the ingredients: Gabapentin and Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Professional Content

Lamotrigine may increase the plasma concentrations of renally excreted drugs that are substrates of OCT 2. Lamotrigine inhibits OCT 2 in vitro. The clinical significance is unknown.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

Drug and Food Interactions

Moderate
Gabapentin + Food

The following applies to the ingredients: Gabapentin

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of gabapentin such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with gabapentin. Do not use more than the recommended dose of gabapentin, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

Moderate
Lamictal + Food

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of lamoTRIgine such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with lamoTRIgine. Do not use more than the recommended dose of lamoTRIgine, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

Drug and Pregnancy Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Gabapentin

Professional Content

Benefits should clearly outweigh risks

AU TGA pregnancy category: B3
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned

Risk Summary: There are no data on the developmental risks associated with use of this drug in pregnant women; in animal studies, developmental toxicity was observed at doses estimated to be similar or lower than those used clinically.

Comments:
-The risk of having a child with a congenital defect as a result of antiepileptic medication is far outweighed by the dangers to the mother and fetus of uncontrolled epilepsy; folic acid supplementation (5 mg) should be started 4 weeks prior to and continued for 12 weeks after conception.
-Women of childbearing potential should receive counseling on the risk of fetal abnormalities with use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy; AEDs should generally be continued during pregnancy utilizing monotherapy at the lowest effective dose as this has been shown to minimize risks of fetal abnormalities compared to combination AED therapy.
-A pregnancy exposure registry is available.

Animal studies have revealed evidence of developmental toxicity (increased fetal skeletal and visceral abnormalities, and increased embryofetal mortality) when administered at doses similar to, or lower than expected clinical doses. In rats, an increased incidence of hydroureter and/or hydronephrosis have been observed in offspring at all doses, the lowest dose being similar to the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis. This drug crosses the human placenta. From the limited amount of data in human pregnancy, it is not possible to inform an associated increased risk of congenital malformations because epilepsy itself and the presence of concomitant antiepileptic medicinal products have their own risks. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy.

To provide information regarding the effects of in utero exposure to this drug, pregnant patients should be encouraged to enroll in the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry. This can be done by calling the toll-free number 1-888-233-2334 and must be done by patients themselves. Information on the registry can also be found at the website http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/.

AU TGA pregnancy category B3: Drugs which have been taken by only a limited number of pregnant women and women of childbearing age, without an increase in the frequency of malformation or other direct or indirect harmful effects on the human fetus having been observed. Studies in animals have shown evidence of an increased occurrence of fetal damage, the significance of which is considered uncertain in humans.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D and X are being phased out.

References

  1. "Product Information. Neurontin (gabapentin)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Horizant (gabapentin)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. "Product Information. Gralise (gabapentin)." Depomed Inc, Menlo Park, CA.

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Professional Content

Benefit should outweigh risk

AU TGA pregnancy category: D
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned

Risk Summary: Several prospective pregnancy exposure registries and epidemiological studies have not detected an increased frequency of major congenital malformations or a consistent pattern of malformations among women exposed to lamotrigine compared with the general population; animal studies have shown developmental toxicities at doses administered clinically.

Comments:
-Women with epilepsy who are planning to become pregnant should receive pre-pregnancy counseling; folate supplementation should be considered before conception and for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
-Abrupt discontinuation of anti-epileptic therapy during pregnancy is not advised as this may lead to breakthrough seizures in mother and fetus.
-Physiologic changes during pregnancy may affect drug concentrations and/or therapeutic effect; dose adjustments may be necessary to maintain clinical response.
-Women should be advised to notify their healthcare provider if they plan to start or stop oral contraceptive use or other female hormonal preparations as this may significantly affect lamotrigine drug concentrations.
-A pregnancy registry is available to provide information on the effects of in utero exposure; pregnant patients should be encouraged to enroll: North American AED Pregnancy Registry: US toll free number: 1-888-233-2334; Website: http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/

Animal studies have shown developmental toxicity at doses estimated to be lower than those used clinically. Pregnant rats administered 3 doses (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg) during the latter part of gestation had increased offspring mortality (including stillbirths) at all doses. The lowest effect dose for peri/postnatal developmental toxicity was less than the human dose of 400 mg/day on mg/m2 basis. Maternal toxicity was observed at the 2 highest doses. Studies in rats have shown a decrease in folic acid during pregnancy, and since this drug is a weak inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, there is a theoretical risk of malformation due to folate deficiency. Anti-epileptic drugs should generally be continued during pregnancy with the goal of monotherapy at the lowest effective dose, however, the risk to the mother and fetus of uncontrolled epilepsy should be considered when deciding on treatment options. Data from several international pregnancy registries have not shown an increased risk for malformations overall. The frequency of major congenital malformations was similar to estimates from the general population. The North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy (NAAED) Registry has reported an increased risk of isolated oral clefts, although this finding has not been observed in other large international pregnancy registries. Several meta-analyses have not reported an increased risk of major congenital malformations following lamotrigine exposure in pregnancy compared with healthy and disease-matched controls. No patterns of specific malformation types were observed. As with other antiepileptic drugs, decreased lamotrigine concentrations have been reported during pregnancy with a return to pre-pregnancy concentrations after delivery. Appropriate clinical management should include monitoring drug concentrations and adjusting doses as indicated. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.

AU TGA pregnancy category D: Drugs which have caused, are suspected to have caused or may be expected to cause, an increased incidence of human fetal malformations or irreversible damage. These drugs may also have adverse pharmacological effects. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are being phased out.

References

  1. "Product Information. Lamictal (lamotrigine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  3. Pharmaceutical Society of Australia "APPGuide online. Australian prescription products guide online. Available from: URL: http://www.appco.com.au/appguide/default.asp." ([2006]):
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. "Product Information. LaMICtal XR (lamoTRIgine)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.

Drug and Breastfeeding Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Gabapentin

Professional Content

Benefits should clearly outweigh risks

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-Breastfed infants should be monitored for drowsiness, adequate weight gain, and developmental milestones, especially when used in combination with other anticonvulsant or psychotropic drugs and in younger, exclusively breastfed infants.
-Some authorities suggest discontinuing nursing or discontinuing use of this drug while breastfeeding due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed infant.

With maternal doses up to 2.1 g/day, estimated doses for fully breastfed infants are 0.2 to 1.3 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 1.3 to 3.8% of the maternal weight-adjusted dose). An expert panel has deemed this drug is an acceptable choice for refractory restless leg syndrome during lactation. Until more data becomes available, the developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for this drug and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from this drug or from the underlying maternal condition.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  2. "Product Information. Gralise (gabapentin)." Depomed Inc, Menlo Park, CA.
  3. "Product Information. Horizant (gabapentin)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  4. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):
  5. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  6. "Product Information. Neurontin (gabapentin)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.

The following applies to the ingredients: Lamotrigine (found in Lamictal)

Professional Content

Benefit should outweigh risk

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-Adverse reactions have occasionally been reported in breastfed babies, but long-term exposure does not appear to affect infant growth and development.
-Breastfed infants should be carefully monitored for side effects; serum levels may be measured to rule out toxicity.
-If infant rash occurs, breastfeeding should be discontinued until cause can be established.

Drug concentrations in human milk may be as high as 50% of the maternal serum levels. Neonates are at risk for high plasma levels due to plasma protein binding being relatively low and decreased ability to clear drug (immaturity of glucuronidation capacity). Additionally, similar to other antiepileptic drugs, the maternal dose should generally be reduced after delivery to the pre-pregnancy dosage, and failure to reduce dose may lead to higher milk concentrations. Apnea, rash, drowsiness, and poor sucking have been reported in breastfed infants. If an adverse event occurs, a serum level can be measured to rule out toxicity. Consider monitoring platelet counts and liver function. Breastfeeding should be discontinued in infants with lamotrigine toxicity

References

  1. Pharmaceutical Society of Australia "APPGuide online. Australian prescription products guide online. Available from: URL: http://www.appco.com.au/appguide/default.asp." ([2006]):
  2. "Product Information. LaMICtal XR (lamoTRIgine)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. "Product Information. Lamictal (lamotrigine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):

Therapeutic Duplication Warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Switch to: Professional Interactions

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

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