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6 Interactions found for:

Xanax and omeprazole
Interactions Summary
  • 4 Major
  • 2 Moderate
  • 0 Minor
  • Xanax
  • omeprazole

Drug Interactions

Moderate
Xanax + Omeprazole

The following applies to the ingredients: Alprazolam (found in Xanax) and Omeprazole

Omeprazole may increase the blood levels and effects of ALPRAZolam. This can increase the risk of side effects including excessive drowsiness and breathing difficulties. You may need a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring by your doctor to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

Drug and Food Interactions

Moderate
Xanax + Food

The following applies to the ingredients: Alprazolam (found in Xanax)

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with ALPRAZolam and lead to potentially dangerous side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor. Do not increase or decrease the amount of grapefruit products in your diet without first talking to your doctor. Do not drink alcohol while taking ALPRAZolam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol. You may feel more drowsy, dizzy, or tired if you take ALPRAZolam with alcohol. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

Drug and Pregnancy Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Omeprazole

Professional Content

This drug should be used during pregnancy only if the benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

AU TGA pregnancy category: B3
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned.

Risk Summary: Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that major malformative risks with use in pregnant patients are unlikely.

Comment: Some experts recommend that use is considered acceptable.

Animal models have revealed evidence of dose-related increases in embryolethality, fetal resorptions, and pregnancy disruptions when animal models were given this drug during organogenesis. Major fetal malformations were not frequently observed in animal models. Embryofetal and postnatal developmental toxicities were observed in offspring of parents given at least 3.4 times an oral human dose of 40 mg.

Embryofetal toxicity is associated with maternally toxic doses given throughout gestation as well as in high doses given to males prior to mating.

AU TGA pregnancy category B3: Drugs which have been taken by only a limited number of pregnant women and women of childbearing age, without an increase in the frequency of malformation or other direct or indirect harmful effects on the human fetus having been observed. Studies in animals have shown evidence of an increased occurrence of fetal damage, the significance of which is considered uncertain in humans.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are being phased out.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  3. "Product Information. Zegerid (omeprazole)." Santarus Inc, San Diego, CA.
  4. "Product Information. Omeprazole (omeprazole)." Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc, Morgantown, WV.
  5. "Product Information. Prilosec (omeprazole)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.

The following applies to the ingredients: Alprazolam (found in Xanax)

Professional Content

This drug is only recommended for use during pregnancy when there are no alternatives and the benefit outweighs the risk, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy.

AU TGA pregnancy category: C
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned.

Risk Summary: Use may be associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations. There are no adequate studies of this drug in pregnant women to inform a drug-related risk.

Comments:
-The child born to a mother taking benzodiazepines may be at risk for withdrawal symptoms.
-Benzodiazepines may cause fetal harm when administered during pregnancy.
-The patient should be warned of the potential risks to the fetus and instructed to discontinue the drug prior to becoming pregnant.
-A pregnancy exposure registry is available.

Several studies have suggested an increased risk of congenital malformations associated with the use of minor tranquilizers (i.e., chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, meprobamate) during the first trimester of pregnancy. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy.

To monitor maternal-fetal outcome of pregnant women exposed to antiepileptic drugs, the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry has been established. Healthcare providers are encouraged to prospectively register patients. For additional information: http://www.aedpregnancyregistry.org/

AU TGA pregnancy category C: Drugs which, owing to their pharmacological effects, have caused or may be suspected of causing, harmful effects on the human fetus or neonate without causing malformations. These effects may be reversible. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are being phased out.

References

  1. "Product Information. Niravam (alprazolam)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  2. "Product Information. Xanax (alprazolam)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  3. "Product Information. Xanax XR (alprazolam)." Pfizer U.S. Pharmaceuticals Group, New York, NY.
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

Drug and Breastfeeding Interactions

The following applies to the ingredients: Alprazolam (found in Xanax)

Professional Content

Use is not recommended.
-Some experts recommend: A decision should be made to discontinue breastfeeding or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-The American Academy of Pediatrics considers this agent a drug for which the effect on nursing infants is unknown but may be of concern.
-Chronic administration of diazepam to nursing mothers has been reported to cause their infants to become lethargic and to lose weight.

References

  1. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):
  2. "Product Information. Niravam (alprazolam)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed." Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health (2015):
  4. "Product Information. Xanax XR (alprazolam)." Pfizer U.S. Pharmaceuticals Group, New York, NY.
  5. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  6. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  7. "Product Information. Xanax (alprazolam)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.

The following applies to the ingredients: Omeprazole

Professional Content

Use is not recommended.

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments:
-This drug is associated with tumorigenicity in animal models, and may suppress gastric acid secretion in the nursing infant.
-The American Academy of Pediatrics state that this drug should be avoided until additional studies can confirm the safe use of this drug during breastfeeding.

In animal models, decreased postpartum offspring growth rates were observed when this drug was administered during late gestation and throughout lactation at oral doses of at least 138 mg/kg/day and IV doses of 3.2 mg/kg/day.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  2. "Product Information. Omeprazole (omeprazole)." Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc, Morgantown, WV.
  3. "Product Information. Zegerid (omeprazole)." Santarus Inc, San Diego, CA.
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  5. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):
  6. "Product Information. Prilosec (omeprazole)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  7. Briggs GG, Freeman RK. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed." Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health (2015):

Therapeutic Duplication Warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Switch to: Professional Interactions

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

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