What is Concerta?
Concerta is a central nervous system stimulant prescription medicine. It is used for the treatment of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Concerta may help increase attention and decrease impulsiveness and hyperactivity in patients with ADHD.
Concerta should be used as a part of a total treatment program for ADHD that may include counseling or other therapies.
Concerta is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Concerta in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away Concerta may harm others, and is against the law.
Tell your doctor if you or your child has (or has a family history of) ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs.
What is the most important information I should know about Concerta?
The following have been reported with use of methylphenidate HCl and other stimulant medicines:
1. Heart-related problems:
- sudden death in patients who have heart problems or heart defects
- stroke and heart attack in adults
- increased blood pressure and heart rate
Tell your doctor if you or your child has any heart problems, heart defects, high blood pressure, or a family history of these problems.
Your doctor should check you or your child carefully for heart problems before starting Concerta.
Your doctor should check you or your child's blood pressure and heart rate regularly during treatment with Concerta.
Call your doctor right away if you or your child has any signs of heart problems such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting while taking Concerta.
2. Mental (Psychiatric) problems:
- new or worse behavior and thought problems
- new or worse bipolar illness
- new or worse aggressive behavior or hostility
Children and Teenagers
- new psychotic symptoms (such as hearing voices, believing things that are not true, are suspicious) or new manic symptoms
Tell your doctor about any mental problems you or your child have, or about a family history of suicide, bipolar illness, or depression.
Call your doctor right away if you or your child has any new or worsening mental symptoms or problems while taking Concerta, especially seeing or hearing things that are not real, believing things that are not real, or are suspicious.
3. Painful and prolonged erections (priapism)
Painful and prolonged erections (priapism) have occurred with methylphenidate. If you or your child develop priapism, seek medical help right away. Because of the potential for lasting damage, priapism should be evaluated by a doctor immediately.
4. Circulation problems in fingers and toes [Peripheral vasculopathy, including Raynaud's phenomenon]:
- fingers or toes may feel numb, cool, painful
- fingers or toes may change color from pale, to blue, to red
Tell your doctor if you have or your child has numbness, pain, skin color change, or sensitivity to temperature in your fingers or toes.
Call your doctor right away if you have or your child has any signs of unexplained wounds appearing on fingers or toes while taking Concerta.
Who should not take Concerta?
Concerta should not be taken if you or your child:
- is very anxious, tense, or agitated
- has an eye problem called glaucoma
- has tics or Tourette's syndrome, or a family history of Tourette's syndrome. Tics are hard-to-control repeated movements or sounds.
- is taking or has taken within the past 14 days an antidepression medicine called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor or MAOI.
- is allergic to anything in Concerta. See "What are the ingredients in Concerta?" for a complete list of ingredients
Concerta should not be used in children less than 6 years old because it has not been studied in this age group.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking Concerta?
Concerta may not be right for you or your child. Before starting Concerta, tell your or your child's doctor about all health conditions (or a family history of) including:
- heart problems, heart defects, or high blood pressure
- mental problems including psychosis, mania, bipolar illness, or depression
- tics or Tourette's syndrome
- seizures or have had an abnormal brain wave test (EEG)
- circulation problems in fingers and toes
- esophagus, stomach, or small or large intestine problems
Tell your doctor if you or your child is pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
Can Concerta be taken with other medicines?
Tell your doctor about all of the medicines that you or your child takes including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Concerta and some medicines may interact with each other and cause serious side effects. Sometimes the doses of other medicines will need to be adjusted while taking Concerta.
Your doctor will decide whether Concerta can be taken with other medicines.
Especially tell your doctor if you or your child takes:
- antidepressant medicines including MAOIs
- seizure medicines
- blood thinner medicines
- blood pressure medicines
- cold or allergy medicines that contain decongestants
Know the medicines that you or your child takes. Keep a list of your medicines with you to show your doctor and pharmacist.
Do not start any new medicine while taking Concerta without talking to your doctor first.
How should I take Concerta?
- Take Concerta exactly as prescribed. Your doctor may adjust the dose until it is right for you or your child.
- Do not chew, crush, or divide the tablets. Swallow Concerta tablets whole with water or other liquids. Tell your doctor if you or your child cannot swallow Concerta whole. A different medicine may need to be prescribed.
- Concerta can be taken with or without food.
- Take Concerta once each day in the morning. Concerta is an extended-release tablet. It releases medication into your or your child's body throughout the day.
- The Concerta tablet does not dissolve completely in the body after all the medicine has been released. You or your child may sometimes notice the empty tablet in a bowel movement. This is normal.
- From time to time, your doctor may stop Concerta treatment for a while to check ADHD symptoms.
- Your doctor may do regular checks of the blood, heart, and blood pressure while taking Concerta. Children should have their height and weight checked often while taking Concerta. Concerta treatment may be stopped if a problem is found during these check-ups.
- If you or your child takes too much Concerta or overdoses, call your doctor or poison control center right away, or get emergency treatment.
What are possible side effects of Concerta?
See "What is the most important information I should know about Concerta?" for information on reported heart and mental problems.
Other serious side effects include:
- slowing of growth (height and weight) in children
- seizures, mainly in patients with a history of seizures
- eyesight changes or blurred vision
- blockage of the esophagus, stomach, small or large intestine in patients who already have a narrowing in any of these organs
Common side effects include:
- decreased appetite
- dry mouth
- trouble sleeping
- stomach ache
- increased sweating
- weight loss
Stimulants may impair the ability of you or your child to operate potentially hazardous machinery or vehicles. You or your child should exercise caution until you or your child is reasonably certain that Concerta does not adversely affect your or your child's ability to engage in such activities.
Talk to your doctor if you or your child has side effects that are bothersome or do not go away.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
You may also report side effects to Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-JANSSEN or (1-800-526-7736).
General information about the safe and effective use of Concerta
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use Concerta for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Concerta to other people, even if they have the same condition. It may harm them and it is against the law.
This Guide summarizes the most important information about Concerta. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about Concerta that was written for healthcare professionals. For more information about Concerta call 1-800-526-7736.
How should I store Concerta?
- Store Concerta in a safe place at room temperature, 59 to 86° F (15 to 30° C). Protect from moisture.
- Keep Concerta and all medicines out of the reach of children.
What are the ingredients in Concerta?
Active Ingredient: methylphenidate HCl
Inactive Ingredients: butylated hydroxytoluene, carnauba wax, cellulose acetate, hypromellose, lactose, phosphoric acid, poloxamer, polyethylene glycol, polyethylene oxides, povidone, propylene glycol, sodium chloride, stearic acid, succinic acid, synthetic iron oxides, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.